In the field of law studies, there are courses of study at a university, which conclude with the first and second legal examination. After a preparatory service (traineeship) students acquire the qualification to become a judge (full-time lawyer). The degree programs with a bachelor's or master's degree, on the other hand, combine the elements of legal training relevant to corporate or administrative practice with the contents of a business degree. The training is geared towards later practical work in the economy.
In a jurisprudential study one learns to understand the numerous and often very abstract legal norms and to apply them to different situations.
The study field at a glance
In addition to classical law, subjects in the fields of "Public Law" and "Business Law" also belong to this field of study.
Contents of the course
The students deal with different fields of law such as civil law, criminal law, public law and procedural law. For example, modules in the fields of business law, tax law, business accounting and business informatics are included in degree programs in the field of business law.
Deepening opportunities and priorities exist, for example, in the areas of European or international private and procedural law, criminology, labor law and human resources, commercial and corporate law, media and telecommunications law, financial services, intellectual property, construction and real estate, but also competition and insolvency law. Excursions, case studies and interdisciplinary modules such as project planning, business English, rhetoric and presentation techniques or teamwork complement the course.
Prerequisites for the qualification as a judge and as a judge or public prosecutor are the completion of a law degree at a university with the First Law Examination and the subsequent preparatory service with the Second State Examination ("fully-qualified lawyer"). This is also necessary for admission as a lawyer and notary and for legal candidates for the higher administrative service (except the Foreign Office).
Note: With a bachelor's or master's degree alone, no access to the preparatory service is possible and thus no activity as a judge, public prosecutor, attorney, notary or in higher administrative service.
Possible careers after graduation
Lawyers with a first legal examination and a second state examination ("fully-qualified lawyers") can work as lawyers, judges or prosecutors and in higher administrative services. As a lawyer, a freelance job is the rule. However, lawyers can also be active in the notary public, in the public administration or in industry (for example in banks, insurance companies, large industrial and commercial enterprises), in business consultancy and in associations.
Business lawyers work not only in legal departments, but also in financial, sales, procurement and HR departments of companies. Commerce, banks, insurance companies, management consultancies, tax accounting and accounting firms, the service industry and business associations are also eligible for employment.