Geoscientists mostly find employment in the consulting field as experts. For example, geological consulting companies, engineering and planning offices for the environmental sector (e.g. contaminated site management, remediation of soil, groundwater or subsoil) require geoscientific expertise. Furthermore, there are job opportunities in the civil service, in particular at geological regional offices, at the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, in the Geoinformation Service of the Bundeswehr, at local authorities (municipalities, administrative districts) as well as at mining offices of the Länder or at universities and non-university research institutions.
Furthermore, employment opportunities exist for manufacturers of geoscientific measuring equipment, in the construction industry as well as for software manufacturers. For companies looking for raw materials (prospecting companies), geoscientists have very limited job opportunities.
Mineralogists also find work in factories involved in the development, manufacture and practical use of new materials, e.g. high-performance materials, surfaces and coatings, mineral building materials and binders, with the environmentally sound treatment and disposal of mineral residues or with the renovation of cultural heritage.
Meteorologists mainly work in climate and environmental research in university institutes, research institutes and national and international meteorological services; also in engineering and industrial companies as a consultant or environmental protection officer or insurance in the risk assessment. In the geoinformation service of the Bundeswehr meteorologists are also appointed for weather consulting or in the field of research and development (for example, used by predictive models).
Fields of activity for geographers are predominantly in the private sector, such as aerial and remote sensing companies, in specialized publishers, in the real estate industry, in the location planning of larger companies, in the tourism industry, in consulting and consulting companies, energy supply companies or environmental protection organizations. Fields of activity also arise in public administration (statistical offices, municipal and special purpose associations, regional planning and environmental protection offices), at universities, in associations, chambers and research institutions.