The health sciences are a relatively young field of study. The first study opportunities were in the context of dual study programs in the care sector. The academization of health and care professions has become necessary due to demographic change, epidemiological changes and medical progress. They overlap in content partly with medical degrees, but lead to a non-medical profession.
The study programs nursing education, nursing and health management as well as health and nursing science are intended to counteract the lack of qualified managers in health, pediatric and elderly care. At the same time, a scientific basis for the qualification requirements of the nursing profession should be created.
The study field at a glance
Universities, colleges and the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University offer courses of study and impart knowledge from nursing, health care, business administration, human resources, nursing science and medicine. Students learn to develop concepts for nursing, pediatric care and geriatric care, including care process and nursing documentation.
The studies are either full-time or part-time. The possibility of a distance learning exists.
- The programs Health Economics and Health Management deal with health economics issues. The program provides a broad knowledge of the economic and structural conditions of the respective sector and service environment and qualifies for management tasks in health care. The goal is to design healthcare processes so that fewer resources are consumed with the same or even improved quality.
- The field of health promotion / health education, on the other hand, focuses on the planning and implementation of health promotion measures and aspects of prevention, intervention and rehabilitation.
- The degree program Midwifery provides scientific and practical competences for pregnancy, childbirth and child health. Students gain basic knowledge in anatomy, physiology, counseling, obstetrics, paediatrics and law. The aim is to prepare for the scientifically sound and situation-specific care of pregnant women, women giving birth.
- Nursing education programs provide students with knowledge in the areas of educational management, ethics in health and medicine, management methods and tools, medical psychology and sociology, and educational psychology. Furthermore, the students acquire nursing and health science fundamentals.
- The academic examination of medical and rescue services includes scientific and practical knowledge in accident medicine, acute diagnostics and acute therapy as well as rescue and civil protection.
Contents of the course
Depending on the subject orientation of the study program, basic studies (Bachelor) offer modules on nursing science and nursing research, basics of action and concepts of care and obstetrics, medical, scientific and social fundamentals of nursing and obstetrics, epidemiology, psychology, theories and methods of nursing science , Pedagogy for Health Professions / Nursing Education, Health Economics, Health Sciences / Public Health, Health Management, Prevention and Health Promotion, Counseling and Behavior Modification, Legal and Business Basics, Career Ethics, Quality Management in Health Care, Personnel Development, Operational Control Processes, Cost and Performance Accounting, Statistics, EDP, foreign languages. Internships and study projects.
In the master's program, there is a broadening of the fundamentals or a specialization.
Admission criteria & study application
In addition to university or college entrance qualification, courses of study in nursing science often require completed relevant vocational training and one or several years of professional experience. In addition, there are dual study programs, which require a training contract in addition to the university entrance qualification or Fachhochschulreife. In addition, there are a few primary qualifying model courses, with training taking place at a higher education institution, supplemented by practical content, the proportion of which corresponds to the statutory number of hours required for state examination under professional law.
Possible careers after graduation
Nursing specialists trained and educated at universities are primarily employed as nursing experts in nursing services in hospitals, sanatoriums, nursing homes and outpatient care centers. They take on management tasks and / or the enterprise management of enterprises of the health and social welfare.
Nursing scientists work predominantly in research and teaching as well as advisors in health promotion institutions, health and social policy, in offices and associations, or they take on management positions in care institutions.
In particular, graduates of nursing education programs find their jobs in vocational schools and schools of the health service (health and sickness, children's and senior care schools).
The degree program Health Management qualifies for applications in outpatient and inpatient health care, for health and long-term care insurance, in the area of health promotion and information as well as in the pharmaceutical industry and pharmaceutical trade.