- Archives store written, pictorial, audio and film material as well as maps, plans and other documents. The archives are sorted and indexed to be ready for administration, research or the public. Degree programs in this field impart knowledge in information science and archive management. Digitization is also increasingly demanding competences in the areas of digital long-term archiving and the presentation of information on the Internet.
- Libraries give users free access to information. For this purpose, in addition to printed media increasingly digital media are provided. Differences are usually made between public and academic libraries. A degree in librarianship provides knowledge in the areas of procurement, presentation, development and information transfer.
- Documentation is the process of obtaining, developing, organizing and storing documents on specific topics (handwritten or typewritten, printed, drawn or stamped, recorded on video and audio media or electromagnetically stored), as well as the process of informing from and on the processed documents including the associated devices. Documentaries are trained at colleges.
- Information technologies, ever more specific customer requirements and the transition to a globalized information and knowledge society place increased demands on the extraction, selection, preparation, communication and presentation of information from all areas of human knowledge. Information hosts or information scientists conceive e.g. user-friendly database applications on the Internet, design information and content management systems (CMS), develop electronic marketplaces, online shops or other e-commerce solutions and deal with information and knowledge management in companies and organizations. Central to this is the interdisciplinary approach through the integration of information technology, legal and economic methods, theories and tools.
Archive, Library, Documentation
The focus of all areas is the extraction, systematization, processing, distribution and preservation of information.
The study field at a glance
At nine state colleges, there are specific undergraduate programs that train for the library and information sector. A special feature is the administration-internal Bachelor course "library and information management" at the University for the public service in Munich.
Contents of the course
- In the first semesters in the field of archives, modules provide not only key qualifications, but also broad computer skills and the theoretical, practical and methodological basic competences of information science. Based on this, aspects of archive science and archive management are deepened. In addition, there is a broad overview of German history as well as practical exercises in the historical basic sciences. Other focal points of the study are historical education, digital publications, project and knowledge management.
- In the field of library, structures of library and information systems, library management, IT competence / information technology, information literacy, information transfer, library construction and technology, inventory management, data management, media and information development, publications and media studies, library history, library-relevant law are taught.
- The students of the information economy learn e.g. economics, computer science, mathematics, knowledge management, operations research, information systems / information reception, law, information ethics, communication and media, information design, social and psychological factors of communication, information linguistics, networks, databases, management, Specialist and public information, marketing and quality management.
- Business studies, media and information procurement are on the timetable in the study programs of the documentation system. Also database development, knowledge engineering, information retrieval and subject information, project and knowledge management, digital publications. In medical documentation, techniques of data structuring, data processing and statistical data analysis, as well as specialist knowledge in biology and medicine, form further training focuses.
Possible careers after graduation
Depending on their degrees, librarians, documentaries, archivists and graduates in the field of information science or economics have different employment opportunities: They work in public and academic libraries, at institute and authority libraries and at libraries Company or factory libraries of large companies, newspapers, magazines, publishers and associations, archives, database information services and research centers, radio stations, television and new media companies. Depending on the field of application, special expertise is required.